Organic farming; an introduction & Case study

Organic farming

Farming is the basic occupation in the world. It is also one of the essential parts of world’s economy. The daily bread we have comes through farming. All of our eatables are the result of hard work done by different farmers. Farming can be seen as one of the oldest and still persisting method that sustains life on earth. Organic Farming is a segment of agriculture where people grow different variety of crops in traditional way using natural fertilizers.

Slowly, the farming techniques changed. Deviating from the primitive ways of farming, people began to use chemical fertilizers and pesticides which increased the yield and profit. But these chemical reactants can cause severe damage to our body. Introduction of chemical fertilizers was brought about by the agricultural revolution.

Not only it is harmful for our body but also affects the natural fertility of the soil. These chemicals can harm the worm and other small organisms present in the soil which helps in fertilization. For example, chemical particles can harm earthworms which add nutrition to the soil. Only when every living creature in the soil dies, we will understand the value of natural fertilizers and nutritive agents.

Unless and until we find a new technology to improve the quality of soil, the chemicals we use today eats us day by day.

This is where organic farming comes into being!

When today’s society realized about the side effects of conventional farming, they began to find ways to bring up organic farming. Through experience today’s generation realized that conventional farming methods can cause health problems like cancer. It also destroys the environment with soil pollution, water pollution which directly affects the lives of live stocks.

As the name suggests organic farming is a technique where crops are cultivated, and animals are raised in an old style/organic manner. Organic farming focuses on using organic products extracted from nature for farming. For example, cow dung is used as a source of manure instead of chemical fertilizers. In this way the ecological balance of nature is maintained. These techniques enrich the soil and reduce pollution and wastage.

The main agents of organic farming include synthetic based fertilizers and pesticides. Organic farming strictly prohibits the use of genetically modified organisms.

While comparing to normal farming technique, organic farming is much cheaper and we can gain a good yield. Relatively, the health issues caused by normal farming technique are reduced when you practice organic farming.

Organic farming employs techniques like crop rotation, biological pest control, green manure, organic waste, mineral and rock additives etc. The principle of organic farming is simple, use the products from nature to nurture the crops and harvest nutrient rich supplies.

The concept of organic farming was established on 1972 by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM).

How to differentiate organic farming from conventional farming?

When it comes to conventional farming, before the harvest of the crops, the farmer disinfects the farm land with chemical pesticides to stay away from the harms caused by fungicides to the crops. The next process is to fertilize the land for the next cultivation. For this the farmer applies petrol-based fertilizers to his field, which is the main reason for soil pollution.

In the same scenario, organic farmers apply organic fertilizers like cow dung, household wastes, shell fertilizers etc. These help to enrich the quality of the soil.

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