Watering hole attacks against iOS devices; mobile security faces major challenge!

Watering hole attacks against iOS devices

Cyber-attacks have always been a plague to our society. However strongly we try to defend them, the cyber hackers mend new strategies to lurk into our systems and initiate the attack. In order to stop them we must create security software by putting ourselves in the position of the hackers. We must think like them and should understand the possible ways through which he may launch the attack. We must analyse the vulnerabilities in our system or network and try to patch them before the threat actor finds them out.

While talking about security, iOS devices are considered to be far more stable than android devices. Apple has always used this key feature as their tagline. Their belief in the security system made them think that they can completely stop cyber-attacks. But by breaking all misconceptions of iOS cyber security, there occurred a water-hole attack discovered by Apple’s chief rival, Google.

The security researchers team, “Project Zero” was given the responsibility to study the vulnerabilities of Apple. These groups were responsible for finding out high profile exploits like Heartbleed.

From a thorough analysis, the group found that in the previous years, iOS systems had major vulnerabilities that were exploited by the hackers. These open vulnerabilities are still being used to infect iOS 10 and iOS 12 devices. For the last two years, many Apple users have been facing exploit knowingly or unknowingly due to this.

Once the vulnerability was found, the experts informed Apple about this and were given a 7 days’ time frame to patch them. Apple did successfully patch them but they failed to go deep into the source. This resulted in watering hole attack and affected the users when they visited the compromised site. The users lost their personal information and other sensitive data from their device. Neither Google nor Apple could find the sites that caused infection.

The malware present in the site had the capability to get hold of the user’s iCloud key chain and hence compromising their login credentials and banking information. iCloud key chain can also open doors towards cloud storage, location data as well as text message history.

Temporarily, the exploit can be stopped by updating the system software but as the hacker has your iCloud key chain, he can use that it future. Through this he can also deploy another malware into your system. Sometimes the stolen data is published in public platforms.

In this condition, it is unable to detect the number of devices compromised and the extent of personal information leaked. Apple has no idea about the types of malwares lurking in their systems and networks.

Attackers are always concentrating on software vulnerabilities to attack individuals and organizations to achieve their target. There have been several kinds of such happenings. The only way to get out of this is to keep the phone and softwares up-to-date and to be aware of phishing mails and links.

The lesson we learnt from this happening is that, never believe the security of a company by just looking at a brand. There are changes in the quality of protection provided by different companies, but still we should accept the fact that any device can be vulnerable to attacks.

Watering hole attacks

This is an attacking technique used by the hackers to target an individual or a group of individuals by infecting the websites which they are possible to visit. The threat actor plants malware in the websites which are often visited by the target. Once they visit the page, the malware gets activated and infects the device by leaking the personal and financial information.

Hackers even provoke the target to visit the site by sending phishing emails or text messages with the attachment or link to the website.

Watering hole attacks are performed silently without the knowledge of the target that is they launch drive-by download attack.

Ways to prevent watering hole attacks

  • Keep yourself and the employees informed about the attack and provide them with basic defence mechanism.
  • Analyse every software and disable the one’s having vulnerability. Try to patch these in the meantime.
  • Use a secure Virtual Machine.
  • Enable two factor authentication.
  • Secure your network and system with anti-threat detection software.
  • Conduct regular audits.

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